(STACKER) – Since the first successful English colony settled in Jamestown in 1607, flows of immigrants have arrived on American shores seeking a new life. From Irish immigrants fleeing famine to Chinese immigrants settling in California during the Gold Rush, more than 86 million people legally immigrated to the United States between 1783 and 2019.

There have been four major waves of immigration to the U.S., beginning with settlers from northern and western Europe seeking land on the frontier from 1820 to 1880. The immigrants counted in the 1900 Census hailed primarily from southern and eastern Europe, drawn by the call of industrialization in America. At the advent of the era of world wars, there was a dearth of immigration, but after 1965, individuals from Asia and Latin America began to move to the U.S. in droves.

Though the national immigrant population today and in 1900 is comparable by percentage, hovering around 14% of the overall U.S. population, the raw population tells a different story. Today, the U.S. is home to 44.7 million immigrants, whereas that number was just shy of 10.5 million at the time of the 1900 Census. Stacker compiled a list of the largest sources of immigrants in Alabama in 1900 by transcribing a previously untranscribed dataset from the U.S. Census Bureau. Countries are ranked by total residents who were born in that country.

Immigration to the U.S. was handled at the state level prior to 1890, with each state government designating its own processes and checkpoints. New York originally used Castle Garden (now Castle Clinton) as its immigration processing hub, but within a few decades realized that a massive influx of immigrants necessitated a larger venue. Ellis Island opened on Jan. 1, 1892, to the first of more than 12 million individuals who entered the U.S. through its doors.

Keep reading to find out more about the historical immigrant community in your home state or explore the data on your own on our siteGitHub, or data.world.

You may also like: Counties with the highest COVID-19 death rate in Alabama

1 / 42Lewis W. Hine // Getty Images

#1. Germany

Alabama
– Number of residents: 3,634
– Percent of foreign born residents: 24.90%
– Percent of total state population: 0.20%
National
– Number of residents: 2,669,164
– Percent of foreign born residents: 25.52%
– #1 most common country of origin

2 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#2. England

Alabama
– Number of residents: 2,347
– Percent of foreign born residents: 16.08%
– Percent of total state population: 0.13%
National
– Number of residents: 843,491
– Percent of foreign born residents: 8.06%
– #4 most common country of origin

3 / 42FPG // Getty Images

#3. Ireland

Alabama
– Number of residents: 1,792
– Percent of foreign born residents: 12.28%
– Percent of total state population: 0.10%
National
– Number of residents: 1,619,409
– Percent of foreign born residents: 15.48%
– #2 most common country of origin

4 / 42Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#4. Scotland

Alabama
– Number of residents: 1,223
– Percent of foreign born residents: 8.38%
– Percent of total state population: 0.07%
National
– Number of residents: 234,699
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.24%
– #11 most common country of origin

5 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#5. Italy

Alabama
– Number of residents: 862
– Percent of foreign born residents: 5.91%
– Percent of total state population: 0.05%
National
– Number of residents: 484,703
– Percent of foreign born residents: 4.63%
– #6 most common country of origin

You may also like: Least educated counties in Alabama

6 / 42Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#6. Canada

Alabama
– Number of residents: 697
– Percent of foreign born residents: 4.78%
– Percent of total state population: 0.04%
National
– Number of residents: 1,183,225
– Percent of foreign born residents: 11.31%
– #3 most common country of origin

7 / 42Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#7. France

Alabama
– Number of residents: 539
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.69%
– Percent of total state population: 0.03%
National
– Number of residents: 104,534
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.00%
– #18 most common country of origin

8 / 42Minnesota Historical Society // Getty Images

#8. Sweden

Alabama
– Number of residents: 488
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.34%
– Percent of total state population: 0.03%
National
– Number of residents: 574,625
– Percent of foreign born residents: 5.49%
– #5 most common country of origin

9 / 42Samuel Hopwood // Getty Images

#9. Russia

Alabama
– Number of residents: 468
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.21%
– Percent of total state population: 0.03%
National
– Number of residents: 424,372
– Percent of foreign born residents: 4.06%
– #7 most common country of origin

10 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#10. Austria

Alabama
– Number of residents: 341
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.34%
– Percent of total state population: 0.02%
National
– Number of residents: 276,702
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.65%
– #10 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the most renters in Alabama

11 / 42Smith Collection/Gado // Getty Images

#11. Hungary

Alabama
– Number of residents: 332
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.28%
– Percent of total state population: 0.02%
National
– Number of residents: 145,815
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.39%
– #14 most common country of origin

12 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#12. Wales

Alabama
– Number of residents: 306
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.10%
– Percent of total state population: 0.02%
National
– Number of residents: 93,744
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.90%
– #20 most common country of origin

13 / 42UniversalImagesGroup // Getty Images

#13. Switzerland

Alabama
– Number of residents: 200
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.37%
– Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
– Number of residents: 115,959
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.11%
– #15 most common country of origin

14 / 42Buyenlarge // Getty Images

#14. Norway

Alabama
– Number of residents: 159
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.09%
– Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
– Number of residents: 338,426
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.24%
– #9 most common country of origin

15 / 42Minnesota Historical Society // Getty Images

#15. Poland

Alabama
– Number of residents: 133
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.91%
– Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
– Number of residents: 383,595
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.67%
– #8 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with highest COVID-19 infection rates in Alabama

16 / 42Interim Archives // Getty Images

#16. Greece

Alabama
– Number of residents: 129
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.88%
– Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
– Number of residents: 8,655
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.08%
– #31 most common country of origin

17 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#17. Denmark

Alabama
– Number of residents: 96
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.66%
– Percent of total state population: 0.01%
National
– Number of residents: 154,616
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.48%
– #13 most common country of origin

18 / 42Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#18. West Indies (except Cuba and Puerto Rico)

Alabama
– Number of residents: 79
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.54%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 14,468
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.14%
– #26 most common country of origin

19 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#19. Africa

Alabama
– Number of residents: 77
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.53%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 2,577
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
– #40 most common country of origin

20 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#20. Turkey

Alabama
– Number of residents: 66
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.45%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 9,949
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
– #30 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the lowest home prices in Alabama

21 / 42ullstein bild // Getty Images

#21. Spain

Alabama
– Number of residents: 59
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.40%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 7,284
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.07%
– #33 most common country of origin

22 / 42Hulton Deutsch // Getty Images

#22. Cuba

Alabama
– Number of residents: 55
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.38%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 11,159
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.11%
– #28 most common country of origin

23 / 42FPG // Getty Images

#23. China

Alabama
– Number of residents: 54
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.37%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 106,659
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.02%
– #16 most common country of origin

24 / 42Print Collector // Getty Images

#24. Asia (except China, Japan, and India)

Alabama
– Number of residents: 52
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.36%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 11,928
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.11%
– #27 most common country of origin

25 / 42ullstein bild Dtl. // Getty Images

#25. South America

Alabama
– Number of residents: 51
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.35%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 4,814
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
– #35 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the highest rate of food insecurity in Alabama

26 / 42FPG // Getty Images

#26. Belgium

Alabama
– Number of residents: 45
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.31%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 29,848
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.29%
– #24 most common country of origin

27 / 42Alexander Alland, Jr. // Getty Images

#27. Mexico

Alabama
– Number of residents: 43
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.29%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 103,445
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.99%
– #19 most common country of origin

28 / 42Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#28. Holland

Alabama
– Number of residents: 42
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.29%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 105,098
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.00%
– #17 most common country of origin

29 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#29. Europe (not otherwise specified)

Alabama
– Number of residents: 33
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.23%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 2,272
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
– #41 most common country of origin

30 / 42FPG // Getty Images

#30. Bohemia

Alabama
– Number of residents: 31
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.21%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 156,999
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.50%
– #12 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the highest rate of food insecure children in Alabama

31 / 42Keystone-France // Getty Images

#31. Finland

Alabama
– Number of residents: 28
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.19%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 63,440
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.61%
– #22 most common country of origin

32 / 42Lewis W. Hine // Getty Images

#32. Born at Sea

Alabama
– Number of residents: 26
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.18%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 8,310
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.08%
– #32 most common country of origin

33 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#33. Central America

Alabama
– Number of residents: 23
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.16%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 3,911
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
– #36 most common country of origin

34 / 42David RUBINGER // Getty Images

#34. Roumania

Alabama
– Number of residents: 16
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.11%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 15,043
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.14%
– #25 most common country of origin

35 / 42Universal History Archive // Getty Images

#35. Australia

Alabama
– Number of residents: 16
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.11%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 7,041
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.07%
– #34 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the worst commutes in Alabama

36 / 42David RUBINGER // Getty Images

#36. Portugal

Alabama
– Number of residents: 8
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 37,144
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.36%
– #23 most common country of origin

37 / 42Bettmann // Getty Images

#37. Other Countries

Alabama
– Number of residents: 7
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 2,587
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
– #39 most common country of origin

38 / 42Hulton Archive // Getty Images

#38. India

Alabama
– Number of residents: 7
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.05%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 2,069
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.02%
– #42 most common country of origin

39 / 42ullstein bild Dtl. // Getty Images

#39. Pacific Islands (except Phillipine Islands)

Alabama
– Number of residents: 6
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 2,659
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
– #38 most common country of origin

40 / 42Smith Collection/Gado // Getty Images

#40. Luxemburg

Alabama
– Number of residents: 6
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 3,049
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.03%
– #37 most common country of origin

You may also like: Counties with the oldest homes in Alabama

41 / 42Historical // Getty Images

#41. Japan

Alabama
– Number of residents: 6
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.04%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 81,590
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.78%
– #21 most common country of origin

42 / 42Historical // Getty Images

#42. Atlantic Islands

Alabama
– Number of residents: 1
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.01%
– Percent of total state population: 0.00%
National
– Number of residents: 10,955
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.10%
– #29 most common country of origin